After the rise comes the decline: In this week’s discussion, you explored the achievements of the Ulama and the philosophers/scientists in building Islamic civilization as well as their antagonism and struggle over influence in a diverse and complex Islamic society (Umma).

Subject: Ethics Winning the debate at the time would have meant being in a powerful position of legislating laws defining …

After the rise comes the decline: In this week’s discussion, you explored the achievements of the Ulama and the philosophers/scientists in building Islamic civilization as well as their antagonism and struggle over influence in a diverse and complex Islamic society (Umma). Read More »